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Co. Tyrone Ardstraw Parish

Transcribed by Teena from A Statistical Account, or Parochial Survey of Ireland, Vol. 1 By William Shaw Mason 1814

Ardstraw Parish

This parish has been always called by its present name. It is situated partly in the barony of Strabane and partly in that of Omagh, in the diocese of Derry and is not united to any other parish. It is 94 miles N.W. of Dublin, 19 S.E. of Derry and bounded by the following parishes viz; on the East by Bodony and Cappagh, on the West by Urney and Termanamongan, on the North by Leckpatrick and Camus, and on the South by Drumragh and Longfield.

It contains 106 townlands (in 1814) of which, 7 are abbey lands not subject to tithes; its shape is irregular, extending about 10 miles from E. to W. and from N. E. to S.W. About 15. There are 32,000 acres in the parish as appears from the map the bogs and mountains occupy about a third of this number, 10,666 acres which being deducted will leave 21,334 for arable pasture and meadow ground.

There are 3 rivers in this parish, 2 of them issuing from its north and south-eastern boundaries, approach each other gradually, until the southern, called the Struell passing under the bridge of Moyle meets the northern called the Glenelly, at a few yards distance; thence a river formed of both, winds in the shape of a horse-shoe, to the opposite bridge of Newtown-Stewart, from which turning westward towards Ardstraw, it is joined by the 3rd river, from the south-westerly boundary called the Derg; after the junction the 3 rivers thus united, take, by the name of Moarn (Mourne), a northern direction to Strabane and Derry. The Struell has its source in the parish of Dromore, near Fintona; the Glenelly in the mountains of Monterlony, and the Derg, in a lake of that name. These rivers produce both trout and salmon, the latter are often killed at night by the peasantry, who go into the river with a torch-light in their hands and thus, discovering them under the banks where they deposit their spawn, they strike them with a kind of barbed spear, called a lister, or catch them with a hook or gaff. This mode of fishing is called “blazing”, which is practised only in the spawning season, that is from about the beginning of December to about the beginning, or middle of February.

There are 4 lakes, 3 of them in the demesne of Baron’s Court, the seat of the Marquis of Abercorn, they are of an oblong form extending from N. to S.; that at the northern extremity of the demesne is nearly a mile long and ¼ of a mile broad, about the middle of it rises a small circular island covered with wood, called the island of ‘McHugh’, from a chief of that name, who built in it, a castle of which, the ruins still remain. This lake, the largest of the three, is connected with the middle one by an inlet from the latter; over which is a wooden bridge that commands a fine view of both. The 3rd and smallest, at the southern extremity, communicates with the middle one by a narrow stream; similar to which, another issue from the first, or principal lake, at the entrance into the demesne and is the outlet to the whole. This small current takes a northern course until it meets the Derg, near its junction with the Moarn. These lakes abound with oak and other trees, of which, several have been raised by the Marquis, the obstruction which they must have given to the influent stream, sufficiently accounts for the formation of the lakes, they all produce large pike, perch, &c. and are frequented by various sorts of wild fowl as duck, teal, widgeon, &c. The 4th lake is called ‘Creevy’, from a townland of that name, near Magherycrigan; it is of a circular form and about a mile in circumference, but has nothing remarkable to distinguish it from the lakes of Baron’s Court.

We have 3 mountains; that named Douglas, is at the N.E. side of the parish, the other 2 are better known they are called Bessy Bell and Mary Grey, names that are celebrated in old Scotch ballads; Bessy Bell is at the south side of Newtown Stewart. which is built on its base, and Mary Grey, east of it about a mile. The tops of both mountains are barren and their sides heathy, but as these approach the bottom, they become pasturable and in some places arable. In the higher parts of Bessy Bell there is a bog that affords excellent turf, but the access to it being difficult, it is seldom used. There is a tradition which derives the name of this mountain from an idol, Bell, whose religious rites were performed on its summit in the times of paganism and were called ‘Baase’, hence “Baase Bell”; meant the ceremonies of Bell since corrupted into its present name. The idol alluded to was probably ‘Beal’, that is ‘Apollo’, or the sun, their chief god, who was propitiated here by fire, a custom still practised by the Irish on every midsummer eve. Here are also some beautiful hills, particularly a range that extends westward from the town and is crossed in the middle by the road leading to Baron’s Court.

The bogs are numerous and pretty equally spread throughout the whole parish, to the great convenience of the linen business, but I have not seen any that deserve particular notice, except a very extensive one at the north side of the river Glenelly, and about an English mile from Newtown Stewart, which it supplies with turf. It is called ‘Straw’ and is the property of Lord Mountjoy. There is no coal in the parish, smiths, and sometimes gentlemen, when turf fails, which seldom happens, draw coal from Strabane, where it is sold at a dear rate, generally from 2 to 3 guineas a ton.

There is a very fine freestone quarry near Douglass bridge, which supplies materials for building to distant parts of the country, as well as to this parish and its neighbourhood, it is much resorted to for tombstones in particular.

There are 5 bridges, the most easterly is that at Moyle, which has 3 fine arches of an elliptical form; the 2nd lies a little westward of it, at Newtown Stewart from which it takes its name. It consists of 6 arches, but is too narrow to admit more than one carriage to pass at a time; the 3rd, more westerly, is the bridge of Ardstraw over the Derg; the 4th crossing the same river towards the south, is called Crew-bridge, from a townland of that name, and the 5th Douglass bridge, which consists but of a single arch, over a mountain stream.

We have no modern buildings such as infirmaries, hospitals, jails, penitentiaries, bridewells, or work-houses. An hospital, or asylum, of some sort is much wanted for the relief of poor cripples, who, from whatever cause it proceeds, are very numerous in this part of the north. They are carried about on barrows, with boxes over them, resembling sentry boxes, which are built at the expense of the parish and are thence called ‘barrowbeggars’, when dropt at any house they are removed by its inmates to another, and so on, through the parish, to the great inconvenience of the inhabitants, and the farmers in particular, who in self defence must convey them away.

Newtown Stewart, so often mentioned, and Magherycrigan, are the only towns; the former, is very neat, beautifully situated, and about midway between Omagh and Strabane, it is the property of Lord Mountjoy. There is a good inn in this town, with the Mountjoy arms, it is kept by the Widow HAMILTON and supposed to be the most comfortable place of refreshment between Dublin and Derry, but it does not supply carriages or horses. It possesses another advantage of general convenience, namely a fine perennial spring, near its south entrance on the Omagh road, from this spring the water is conducted by a leaden pipe along the middle of the main street, which has a gentle fall to the opposite extremity of the town, so that every house may have this essential article conveyed to it at a trifling expense. This improvement was planned by a gentleman who lately came to reside in the town and, completed in a short time by him, and other principal inhabitants who readily subscribed a sufficient sum for the purpose, before this accommodation, many of them were obliged to employ a horse and car for their daily supply. Magherycrigan is an inconsiderable town, about 6 miles S.W. of the former, it belongs to the Marquis of Abercorn. Besides these towns, there are two small villages, one called Ardstraw, which is remarkable for nothing but its having a bridge, and giving a name to the parish, in the centre of which it stands, the other, called Douglass, which has a good bleach green.

William TAGGART Esq. of Woodbrook, is a neat new house, with some handsome fir trees in its front and beyond them, a bleach green, with its machinery; it is situated close to the high road leading from Newtown Stewart to Ardstraw, and is distant from the former; its nearest market town 1¼.

Aldoghal, the seat of Major CRAWFORD, is in the opposite direction, on the road leading to Cappagh and about 2 miles S.E. of Newtown Stewart, its nearest market town; the situation is mountainous, but it has been much improved by the Major.

F. S. POLE Esq. has nearly finished a pretty house, near the same town, of which, and of the adjacent scenery, it commands a very beautiful prospect .There are also several good houses belonging to manufacturers and farmers, as Edward SROUL’S of Spawmount, Jacob ALEXANDER’S of Kilstrol, Thomas CUMMIN’S of Magherycolton, Charles SPROWLE’S of Rakelly, and a few others. But there is one, which for the beauty of its situation, deserves more particular notice, the neat looking house of Glennock, called ‘the cottage’. It stands on a hill, about ½ mile north of Newtown Stewart, with a full view in its front of the town, the adjoining mountains, bridges, and rivers, one of which the Struell, is seen winding between Bessy Bell and Mary Grey to a considerable extent. It has also in its view, the improvements of Castlemoyle, and is the residence of the widow of the late Gorges HAMILTON Esq.

The present fee simple proprietors, under the crown, are the Marquis of Abercorn, the Viscount Mountjoy, the Rev. Conally COWAN, Conyngham McALPINE and Major JOHNSON, under the Marquis are William AUCHENLECK and Nathaniel EDIE; under Lord Mountjoy, James COLHOUN and Alexander COLHOUN. Among these there is not a single resident, except the Marquis of Abercorn, who sometimes resides in England.

There are no ruins of monasteries, nor of other religious houses, except the walls of an old church in the western district called ‘Scarvaghearn’ and one of the side walls of the old parish church at Ardstraw, which now forms part of the enclosure of the grave yard. This graveyard is divided into 2, by a road leading to Urney, one used by the Protestants, the other by the Roman Catholics.

There are 3 old castles in this parish, the most ancient is that above Newtown Stewart, it stands on a high hill, a little to the south-west of the town and has 2 round towers and a platform. The towers, except on the north side, are entire. This castle belonged to Henry O’NEAL, who, according to tradition, was King of Ulster in the 5th century, he was called by a name which signifies, in Irish, ‘cross, or wicked’, as characteristic of his temper, of this, the following anecdote is a singular instance. He had a sister, who is represented as having an elegant person, but the head of a swine, and thence called the female monster. Henry, anxious to get rid of an object that mortified his feelings and his pride, adopted the plan of offering her in marriage to any person who should seem inclined to propose for her, but on condition that after having seen her, he should either marry, or hang. Accordingly, 19 persons, among whom was a captive prince, who had agreed to the condition, were all executed on the platform before his castle and tradition says, the 20th and last person who proposed for her was the son of his own cowherd, who was tempted by the magnitude of her dowry, but who, on seeing her, immediately exclaimed ‘cur sous me, cur sous me’, that is, ‘hang me, hang me’. The young man, however, was spared and the unfortunate princess put to death.

Two other castles also had been erected by Henry’s two brothers, within a short distance of each other, one named Art, the other Abrim O’NEAL; the former who had no hair on his head, or body, was surnamed ‘MOUIL’, that is, bald, and hence his castle was called “Castlin Mouil”, or “Castle Moyle”. This castle was built on the eastern bank of the Struell, near its union with the Glenelly, and about 80 yards west of the glebe- house, which has derived its name from it. No part of it now remains, but on the spot where it stood there is a neat circular cottage with a small fir grove behind it and in its front, a shrubbery skirting its sides and stretching along the banks of the river, to the bridge, which also takes its name from the castle. Abrim O’NEAL’S castle stood in a right line, between the 2 former, in a plain, close on the eastern side of Newtown Stewart. This plain lies open to the north and being enclosed on the other 3 sides, by the winding of the river, is thence called the “Holme”, now used as a race-course and a parade, but it exhibits no trace of the castle, except the foundation, which is a mound of considerable height, as was necessary in so low a situation. The site of these 3 castles with respect to each other is remarkable, each being separated from the rest by a river, hence tradition has inferred that the brothers were afraid of each other, a circumstance not improbable in those barbarous times.

Opposite to the Holme, at the lower end of Newtown Stewart, stands the 2nd of those ancient castles I have alluded to as still existing, on the south side it has preserved its altitude entire; on the north side it has been materially injured by the assaults of time and its eastern wing, except part of the chapel, has been totally destroyed; this castle was burnt by Sir Phelim Roe O’NEAL in 1641, and afterwards, rebuilt by Sir William STEWART, then Lord Mountjoy. It was burnt a 2nd time by King James on his retreat from Derry, an instance of base ingratitude to Sir William, who had hospitably entertained him when on his way thither. The 3rd and last of these old castles is situated on the eastern side of Baronscourt demesne, on a rising ground, thickly planted and directly opposite to the island of McHugh, It was built about the same time as the castle of Newtown Stewart and exhibits the same marks of decay.

As to monuments, there are 3 mural ones of marble, in the church of Newtown Stewart, with inscriptions to the memory of 3 rectors of the parish viz;

1st Doctor John HALL, who, in 1724 rebuilt the church and the following year erected the glebe-house, he had been many years vice-provost of Dublin College, to which he left an estate of 120£ per annum, for the education of 2 young men and other charitable purposes. He died in the 78th year of his age A.D. 1735.

2nd Doctor Thomas WILSON, who had been a senior fellow of said college and a very learned man. He died in the 73rd year of his age A.D. 1799

3rd Doctor George HALL, my immediate predecessor in this living, from which he was removed to the Provostship of the college and afterwards to the Bishoprick of Dromore.

There is a remarkable piece of antiquity on a hill about a mile north of Newtown Stewart called, by the country people, ‘Clogh-ogle’, it consists of 3 large stones set upright in a triangular position, about 7 feet above the surface of the ground and covered with a broad horizontal flag 15 or 16 inches thick and measuring 11 feet in length and nearly 7 in breadth. How this enormous mass was raised, or for what purpose, is not known. In the general opinion it was a Druidical altar, properly named “Clogh-togle”, that is, “the lifted stone”. On an opposite hill about 300 yards distant, stood another of a larger size, which is now prostrate.

The food of the lower classes is the potatoe, oaten-bread, milk, and sometimes butter, for none but the very poorest are without a cow, which grazes along the road. They generally keep a pig, and can therefore, indulge themselves now and then, with a bit of pork or bacon. They are hardy and in general healthy, many of them well-looking, and above the middle size. The men pay little attention to dress, which is their own manufacture. The women dress better, particularly the young women, who, on Sundays and at fairs and markets, are very careful to set themselves off to advantage when assembled at these places, both men and women, but particularly the men, are apt to indulge themselves too freely in drink, for which, it must be owned, the damp of the climate and the nature of their food afford some apology. Whiskey is their favourite beverage, they look on it as wholesome and some esteem it medicinal, hence old women administer it to the sick when they have no other cure. Malt liquor is too dear for the lower class, and were it otherwise is ill adapted to those whose ordinary food consists of potatoes and butter milk.

The diseases are pleurisies, rheumatic pains, and weakness in the limbs. There are some instances, however, of extraordinary longevity viz; the Widow ROBINSON of Moyle aged 93; the Widow FLOOD of Newtown Stewart 97; the Widow LAPSLEY near Douglas bridge 101; and a man of the name of NISON near Baron’s court 102.

As to the genius and disposition of the poorer class, they are a shrewd, sensible, people, very industrious, honest, and inoffensive, this general character I think they deserve, especially when compared with others, for here we have no carders, no threshers, nor ribbandmen, no slayers of sheep, no houghers of cattle, no incendiaries, house-robbers, nor murderers. The only objectionable characters, generally speaking, are the illicit distillers of whiskey, whom local circumstances and the connivance of farmers, render it almost impossible to put down these men, do not now confine themselves to the use of barley, they distil also from oats, which has sometimes raised the price of meal far beyond the reach of the poorer class. This happened to be the case last summer in particular, when, had it not been for the daily exertions of the revenue officers, aided by the yeomanry and the liberal subscriptions of a few individuals, a famine would have taken place.

The yeomanry corps, who contribute much to the security and good order of the parish, should not be omitted in this account; they muster in all 484 men exclusive of officers, and are stationed in different districts. One of these corps, part of Lord Mountjoy’s brigade, consists of 100 men who are resident in Newtown Stewart and its vicinity, and could, on any emergency, be assembled by beat of drum at a moment’s warning. The military spirit in other respects has rather abated, than increased, except for the artillery and surgical departments; the latter of which is the chief object of ambition to such young men, as have been able to acquire a suitable education. This abatement may be justly ascribed to encreasing industry.

With respect to customs, the old one of lighting fires on high places, on Midsummer’s eve is observed here, another is, that among the lower orders the married women are generally called by their maiden names, and a third that strolling beggars will enter the house of a farmer, or gentleman, with as much ease and freedom, as if they were part of the family. Dr. LELAND considers this custom as the result of old Irish hospitality, be this as it may, it is one of the most unpleasant circumstances attending a residence in the North.

Besides the instance already given of their lighting fires on Midsummer’s eve, round which they drive their cattle to preserve them, as they believe it will from accidents. During the year they believe in the existence of fairies and are very cautious not to say anything disrespectful of them; if any article of household furniture happen to be misplaced they attribute it to the ‘wee people’, as they call them, who stood in need of it at the time. A friend of mine who lived a few years ago in a mountainy situation assured me of the following fact, that his wife stepped quietly one day into a neighbouring house when the family were out at work and put an egg and an oaten cake to the fire, inverting, at the same time, all the little furniture of the place, soon after conversing with the old woman of the family, she endeavoured, in an indirect way, to find out what impression the incident had made on her, but the woman, though communicative in other matters, kept this a profound secret, from which it was inferred, that she was afraid to mention it, lest her little friends might not pay her another kind visit.

There are no patrons, nor public sports, except playing at ‘common’, as it is called, this diversion resembles hurling in the south, but since the institution of the yeomanry it has been seldom practised. The ball they play with is a small wooden one which they strike with sticks, inflected at one end. In the south of Ireland the curve of the hurl is broad and the ball large, and of a soft substance, covered with leather. Formerly, they spent here 11 days successively at Christmas time in this exercise, now they idle only one, a manifest proof of the increase of industry. Cock-fighting is nearly out of use.

The children of the poorer class are sent to school until they can read and write, they are then apprenticed to the linen business, or some other trade, when parents are unable to pay for their schooling they are necessarily kept at home, where they soon become useful in the house, or in the field. At the age of 11 or 12 they usually hire themselves to farmers but never for a longer term than 6 months at a time. There are 2 stated days in the year when they assemble at Newtown Stewart for this purpose viz; on the 12th of May and on the 12th of November. The wages for the ½ year vary according to circumstances for girls from 30s. to 40s., for boys from 40s. To 3£, and for men from 4 to 5£. The price of day labour for men is 6½d. and 10d., with victuals and 20d. in harvest. Mowers get 2s. 6d. and 3s. with victuals. Services are not abolished, nor are they strictly exacted.

There are several other schools in the parish, the whole number about five years ago amounted to 23 and the number of scholars to 807 of these 608 were Protestants and 199 Catholics, the males 611 and females 196. Lord Mountjoy has had the goodness to grant an acre of ground near Newtown Stewart for the purpose of erecting one. I expect that the governors of Erasmus Smith’s schools will build and endow the same, as soon as the state of their funds will permit.

There is but one church in the parish, which is situated on an eminence at the south end of Newtown Stewart, it is a neat, comfortable church, with a handsome spire. A chapel of ease is to be soon built near Magherycrigan, on a piece of ground which the Marquis of Abercorn has granted for this purpose. There are 3 Roman Catholic chapels, 6 meeting houses, one of which belongs to a sect called Seceders, and 2 Methodist houses. There are 3 glebes and one glebe-house called Castlemoyle. The 1st glebe joins the demesne, the 2nd is about 2 miles westward of it and the 3rd about 7 miles S.W. These 3 glebes contain 631 acres.

The poor’s fund arises from the Sunday collections in church and the interest of 100£ bequeathed to the parish, by old Dr HALL, both average about 20£ a year Dr PELLESIER, one of its incumbents, who died about 33 years ago, left 50£ to the poor, which at first was put to interest, but afterwards in a year of great scarcity, was divided among them.

There is another poors fund of a different description, I allude to the Free Masons, who are very numerous in this parish, they meet once a month on an appointed night and oftener, if business require it, but their grand days are the 24th of June and the 27th of December. They contribute at every meeting from 6d to 10d a piece, half of this contribution goes to regaling themselves, the other half to a fund appropriated to the discharge of rent to the Grand Lodge of Ireland and to the relief of the indigent brethren their widows and orphans.
Agriculture is here a general employment, in which, all are interested in so populous a country. There are 2 modes of it viz; ploughing; and claying.

The highest acreable rent is 4 pounds, from that it varies according to the quality of the soil, down to the poorest which is let for 7 or 8 shillings. Weekly markets are held in Newtown Stewart and Magherycrigan, in the former on Mondays, in the latter on Thursdays. Six yearly fairs are also held in each the months and days are set down in the almanack. The customs or tolls at fairs and markets for horses and cows, if sold, are 4d., for pigs 2d., and sheep 1d., all sorts of merchandize exposed on stands or stalls, 4d., small matters 1d. These customs are rented from the lord of the manor.

There are some inconveniencies to which the inhabitants are at present subject, but which it is hoped, will in time, be done away.

1st They have no market house, though the main street is sufficiently large to admit of one.

2nd They have no magistracy to regulate the size and quality of bread, hence it happens that the loaf is never as large, and seldom as good as at Strabane, where such matters are properly attended to.

3rd They have no brewery, they are supplied with malt liquor some from a brewery at Lifford, others from a brewery at Donoughmore, the distance of the former is but 8 miles, of the latter 28.

Townland names with probable meanings

1 Lisfordrum- The side of a hill, The fort, or intrenchment on the brows of the hill

2 Knockaniller – The Eagle’s hill From ‘Knock’ a hill and ‘iolar’ an eagle

3 Beagh – Productive of birch or perhaps nutriment

4 Skinbwee – A side piece or wing of ground of yellow colour

5 Drimnahoe – The hill with a cave or great pit

6 Glebe Sessagh – The ploughland appertaining to the glebe

7 Gallan or Gallons – From an herb that grows there in great plenty

8 Ballymullarty – A town exchanged (or town of bald Arthur)

9 Shanonny – The place of old people

10 Lisbofin or Lisnafin – The fair fort (or fortress with the white fort)

11 Woodbrook – The ancient name not ascertained

12 Stralattergallen – The Holme of the Lower Gallen

13 Tkermegan – Land taken by force

14 Lisnatunny Glebe – A fort near the wave sounding Moan

15 Pubble – A congregation of people as Pobul, Brien, &c.

16 Glennock – The valley of the hill from ‘Glen’ a vale and ‘knock’ a hill

17 Croskballenree – The cross of the town of the running ford

18 Strahulter – The bushy Holme

19 Crosh Lower – The place of the cross

20 Knockroe – The red hill

21 Bunderg – From its having a red bottom

22 Killymore – The great wood

23 Moyle Glebe – From ‘Maol, mael’ bald, the bald Art O’Nial

24 Altdogal – A valley between two roads

25 Leglabraid – A channel or hollow bed of running water

26 Newtown Stewart – A modern name sufficiently obvious

27 Grange – A grain, or corn-bearing farm or district

28 Deer Park – Ancient name not known

29 Coolaghy – A steep place (The back of a ford from ‘Cool’, back and ‘ath’ a ford)

30 Rakelly – The King’s wood (Rath, fort, Killwood)

31 Killydart – The wood of swine

32 Ballyreanan – Beananstown

33 Aghafadd – The long field from ‘achadh’ a plain, and ‘fadda’ long

34 Cashty – Adjacent to the mansion or farm-house

35 Cloonty – The sequestered corner with a house

36 Legland – A wide spreading hollow (Half the glen, or vale of the same import, with Leighlin)

37 Tullymuck – Swine hill, from ‘Tulach’ a hill, and ‘muck’ a hog

38 Duntague – Thady’s town

39 Bealaght – From ‘Bealachtee’ a road or horse-way to, or from a house

40 Breen – From ‘Borruin’ a haunch, or swelling, the hilly district

41 Malvin – From ‘Maolbhin’ the bald, or round pinnacles

42 Concess – From Con or Connor, and Shessiagh, a ploughland

43 Killygormly – The blue wood

44 Altaclady – From ‘Ail’ a valley, and ‘chud’, an inclosed nook

45 Urbalreagh- From ‘Earbul’, a tail, or extremity, and ‘riavach’, grayish

46 Ardstraw or Ardstragh – From ‘Ard’, high and ‘srath’ a green for spreading flax-linen &c. on to bleach, generally near rivers and in valleys, hence the straths in Scotland

47 Brucklas – A green pasture

48 Killen – Killeen a little chapel, or ‘Koilleen’, a little wood

49 Milltown- Ancient name not known

50 Birnaghs – ‘Bearna’, a gap, a passage, a road of great antiquity discovered here under ground

51 Laragh – From ‘Lawr’ middle’ and ‘Agha’, a field

52 Magherycotton – Cotton’s field

53 Lisnaferty – Laferty’s fort or perhaps, fort of wonders

54 Largybeg – The little wood

55 Baron’s Court – Ancient name not known modern one obvious

56 Letterbinn- District adjoining the hill’s pinnacle

57 Tamnagh – A round inclosure

58 Boyturn – A place where a victory was gained

59 Envagh- Lonely or sequestered field

60 Karnkenny – The cairn of the wood

61 Kilstroll – A straggling wood

62 Meaghy – From ‘Meatha máha’ decayed, and ‘gae’, the wind ie. blighted wind

63 Drimclamph – The meaning not ascertained

64 Aghasessy – From ‘agha ‘a field, and ‘sessagh’ a plough with six horses

65 Roosky – From ‘Roeuiske’ a yellow watry fen

66 Drimlegagh – Slaty hill or exposed to the wind

67 Archill – A lofty wood (from ‘Ard choil’)

68 Glenglush – The green hollow, or green vale, a glen

69 Foyfin – Perhaps from ‘Faha’ denoting a fair field

70 Teeveny – The side of a pinnacle from ‘taevabhenay’

71 Crew – The form of a horse shoe

72 Scarvaghearn – Separated farm or land, or fearn (farran)

73 Ballynalohan – The town of the lakes

74 whitehouse – Modern and of obvious meaning

75 Cavandarragh – A plain where oak grows

76 Ratyn – From ‘Rath’ an intrenchment

77 Magherycriggan – The field of a rock, or of small stony heaps

78 Magherylough – A field bordering, or adjacent, to a lake

79 Creevy – From ‘Craobh’ (kraev) a branch, bushy land

80 Derrygoon – Oak decaying or the corner’s end

81 Lishlymore The large fort

82 Upper Crew – The form of a horseshoe (or upper quarter)

83 Erginagh – Not ascertained

84 Spawmount – From a spring rising there

85 Drimnabeigh – The side of a hill or Birch hill

86 Castlebaan – The white castle

87 Carncorn – Glebe District of stony heaps

88 Killrail – Reiley’s wood

89 Crawfordstown or ‘Coolnacruniagh’ – The back of the trees, (or collecting corner or wheat corner)

90 Ballyfollery – The town among thickets

91 Priestsessagh – From ‘shessiagh’ a plough, priest’s ploughländ

92 Lurgaboy – An extent of yellowish land

93 Dunreaven or Dunrean – Fort Town

94 Golan – The little fork of a hill

95 Backhill – Modern therefore obvious

96 Coolnahern – The back of the cairn or stony heap

97 Garvettagh – A rude course built house

98 Clare – A flat or level piece of land

99 Lisleen – Gray Fort or ‘Listaevaun’ rath by river’s side

100 Ardbarren or Artbarren – A man’s name or Baron’s height

101 Coolcreechy – The back of the bushy scrub

102 Bolloght – A place for feeding cattle

103 Lettercarn – The lower cairn

104 Binnawooda – The end of a hill called wood

105 Lisnacreaght – The robber’s fort or fort for keeping plunder

106 Glassmullagh – The green hill or hill’s green summit