It is with our sincere thanks to Jane, who transcribed the following information from Pues Occurence Tuesday 27 June 1757. A * (star) is
placed where the letter is unknown.
The occupation of a linen lapper is defined by “Mills of Ireland” as; one of the last stages of linen manufacturing. Lappers measure and press the linen ready for market.
I would add to the definition ‘folding’, in the process of lapping. From the book ‘Flax and it’s Products in Ireland’ 1862, lapping is described;
“When linen goods are received by the merchants from the bleach-works in the finished state, they are placed in cool store-rooms and are kept there until required, in the uniform and simple fold that the last process gives them; they are afterwards refolded, or technically speaking, “lapped” in special lengths and styles, to suit the various markets of the world. Goods for the home trade are generally folded in thick pieces, containing 25 – 30 yards each and are neatly, but plainly ornamented with fancy ribbons and papers; the linen for export is generally more highly ornamented and great expense is thus sometimes incurred, which of course, enhances the price demanded for the article.” (above information added by Teena)
Pues Occurence Tuesday 27 June 1757
In Pursuance of an Advertisement of the 28th of April last, requiring all Lappers of Linen Cloth to return to Arthur NEWBURGH, Esq; an Impression of their Seals, with their Securities, in three weeks from the date thereof (expressly setting forth) that those who neglected or refused complying therewith should be discharged; agreeable to the said Advertisement, the following herein named Lappers have returned their Securities; and all Merchants, Exporters and others, Dealers in Linen, are hereby desired to be cautious in buying Linens from Lappers whose Names are not contained in the here inserted List of Lappers.
Tho. Benj. ADAIR
J. Martin LANG
And Whereas it hath hitherto been found difficult to punish Lappers and their Securities, where Frauds have been committed and that such Frauds have increased of late years to the Discredit and great Prejudice of the Linen Manufacture in this Kingdom and there being an Act of Parliament passed last Session, entitled an Act to prevent Frauds in Lappers and others, and to prevent Abuses in manufacturing of Kelp, and to prevent unlawful Combinations in Weavers and others, it is Enacted:
That if any Merchant or Dealer in Linens shall sustain any Loss or Damage by means of any Fraud in the Lapping of Linen and by Damages concealed in the Lapping hereof, or by short Measure concealed in Length or Breadth, such Merchant or Dealer may sue either the Lapper of such Linen, or the Security, or Securities, which such Lapper gave on taking out his Seals, or either of them, and may recover from such Lapper, or his Securities, double the Loss or Damage which he shall so sustain; the same to be recovered, if under Twenty Pounds, by Civil Bill at the Assizes in the County where such Lapper, or his Security resides, and if the Sum exceeds Twenty Pounds, the same shall be recovered in any of his Majesty’s Courts of Record in Dublin.
Provided, that if the Trustees of the Linen Manufacture shall have fined such Lappers for offending; and recovered the Fine or Penalty imposed by Virtue of the Law now in being for that purpose before such suit commenced; that in such case such Lapper, or his Security, shall not be sued for such Damage as aforesaid. And that the Certificate of the Clerk of the Trustees, under his hand and seal, (which certificate the said Clerk shall be obliged to give to any such Merchant or Dealer), shall be evidence against the Security of Securities of any Lapper or Lappers.
N.B. this Act takes Place from October 11th, 1757, being the first Day of this last Session of Parliament.
The said Trustees think it proper to publish so much of the said Act in order to facilitate the Execution thereof by persons aggrieved by fraudulent Lappers, of which all Dealers are cautioned and required to take Notice.
Signed by Order,
Mills of Northern Ireland –
Flax and its products in Ireland by William Charley, 1862