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The Inquisitions on Attainder
(Lands Seized By The King 1631)
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*Transcriber's note: Some of the surnames in these inquistions include: Brysbane, Crosby, Donnell, Hamilton, Hayes, Liegh, Magher, Mawn, McBryan, McCarell, McCawell, McConmoy, McCosker, McCrener, McNemy, O'Devin, O'Donnelly, O'Flanagan, O'Neale, O'Quyn, O'Roerty, O'Teag, O'Ternan, Undall.
"The Inquisitions preserved in the Rolls Office of the Court of Chancery of Ireland are Records of the highest Authority and Value. They may be classed under two distinct Heads viz;
INQUISITIONS post MORTEM
which are the most numerous
They are divided according to the four Provinces and the several Counties of Ireland, into Reigns, and generally commence in the time of Queen Elizabeth, few being prior to that period. The former Class ceases soon after the Restoration of Charles II, when the feudal Tenures were abolished by Act of Parliament. The latter extends to the Reign of William III
The INQUISITIONS post MORTEM
- were taken under Commissions directed to the Eschaetors of each Province, and others joined with them; and find by the Oath of a Jury, what Lands any Person died seized of, by what Rents and Services they were held, and who was the next Heir and his Age, by which the Right of the Crown to Escheat or Wardship was ascertained. On them were founded all grants of Wardships of Body and Marriage - Liveries of Lands- Pardons of Intrusion- Pardons and Licences of Alienation ,&c. in virtue of the Tenures in Capito. They are the best Evidences of the Descent of Families, and of the Transfer and Possession of Property during the period they embrace. Numerous family Settlements, Deeds, Wills, Leases, and other Instruments relating to Property in Ireland, are set out at full, or copiously recited; and of the greater number of these there are at present, no other Traces to be found.
The INQUISTIONS on ATTAINDER
- Were generally taken under Commissions directed to Commissioners in the several Counties, and shew whether any Person was attainted, in which case his Lands, and other Property, which were also found, were seized into the King's hands."
These important Documents have suffered much injury from Time and Neglect, but have been carefully arranged, cleansed, and placed in Port-Folios, by Order of His Majesty's Commissioners on the public Records, a process which will tend to secure their future preservation.
Under the same Authority a repertory of their Contents has been formed. That of the Province of Leinster has been published. The present Volume comprises ULSTER, and the repertory of the Provinces of and Munster and Connaught will follow. It will be found in general to contain
- The DATE of each Inquisition and the PLACE where taken
- The NAME or Names of the Person or Persons to whom it relates
- The LANDS of which he or they was or were seized, their acreable or other Contents, and real or nominal Value.
- The TIME of his or their Death
- The Heir or Heirs and his or their Age or Ages and Marriage
- The TENURE by which the Lands were held under the Crown, or its Tenant in Capite, or by Knight's Service, &c &c.
The Repertory of each County is preceded by a Catalog of its Inquisitions and followed by copious Indexes of Persons and places in which the references are made to the Number of each Inquisition placed according to Chronological arrangement in each Reign. Whenever it may be necessary to recur to the Records themselves they can be referred to in their Port Folios with every facility by means of these Numbers which are conspicuously marked on them. It is to be observed that where Blanks occur in the Print, the original Documents are decayed, or illegible.
The first Volume of Reports of His Majesty's Commissioners pp 81-82 contains Specimens of both the Classes of Inquisitions already described, from which their usual Import and technical form may be ascertained. It will likewise appear that all the essential Parts of the Records are preserved in the Repertory. In accordance with the text Abbreviations have been necessarily used, but the general Uniformity adhered to, will be found, in a great degree, to remove any Obscurity which might arise from their Introduction. In the Names of the Counties, and other minor Particulars, Perspicuity has been chiefly consulted. The entire has undergone close Examination with the Originals, and they most minute Variations of Orthography, particularly in the names of Persons and Place,s have been carefully observed.
A few Inquisitions appear inrolled on the Patent Rolls of Chancery but they are not comprised in the Repertory, as the Originals are not now remaining with the others in the Rolls Office. Some of them, however, of a special and important nature, relating to the Ecclesiastical and other Escheated Lands in Ulster, will be found in an Appendix to this Volume. The Commissions for dividing the Province into Shire-ground in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, with such of the Returns made on that occasion as now remain in the class of Miscellaneous Records in this Department, and minute Surveys of two of the newly formed Shires, Monaghan, and Fermanagh, and of the Territory of Iveagh in the County of Down, discovered among those Records, are here subjoined
(#30) Same place 1st May 1631
Sir Peirce CROSBY Knt.
houldeth the great proportion of the twoe Fews and Ballytaken within the barony of Omagh and county of Tyrone conteyning 3000 acres graunted to him by letters patents from our lord the King, that now is in free and common soccage, and hath since the date of said letters pattents, and contrary to the conditions therein mentioned demised the severall balliboes of lands hereunder mentioned unto the meer Irish viz; Donnell and Neell O'Donnelly houldeth the balliboe called Roscam and doeth pleugh, pasture and grease on the same. Teag O'Donnelly houldeth Berhagh, being 1 balliboe, from Francis Lowcas gent. whoe houldeth the same from the said Sir Peirce. Patricke McCawell houldeth Aghnegarry, bein 1 balliboe. Edmund Groome O'Donnelly houldeth the ban called Cloghfynn, excepting only the fourth part thereof and doth pasture same. Philem O'Donnelly houldeth the balliboe called Cavanreagh. Neel O'Donnelly, Tonregae, being 1 balliboe. John McNemy houldeth Eskermoore being 1 balliboe. Cormack O'Roerty, houldeth Tatekerron ,and Neell O'Teag houldeth Lysboy, in manner as aforesaid, Edmund Magher houldeth Ballmenagh being 1 balliboe. All the said balliboes are within the said proportion of the Fews and Ballitachen and are become forfeited to the use of our said lord the King.
(#31) Same place 4th May 1631
Sir William HAMILTON Knt.
late of Munterleny in the co. of Tyrone knt. houldeth the small proportion of Killeny, and the small proportion of Tedan, in the barrony of Strabane and co. aforesaid, in free and common soccage by Ires pattents. The said Sir William, contrary to the intent of the said Ires, hath since the date of the same, demised the several balliboes and pcells of land hereunder mentioned unto the meer Irish, and such as are not allowed by the said lres. patents over and above the fourth parte of each of the said proportions of Killen and Tedan viz; Bryen Roe McConmoy houldeth the balliboe of land called Tireamaddan for the term of 2 years from Andrew Hayes who houldeth the same, from said Sir William. Morrise O'Ternan houldeth the balliboe of Litterbrett and Dorgragh from the said Sir William, till the feast of all saints next, and dooth plough, pasture and grass upon the same. Shane Roe O'Devin houldeth the 1 balliboe of Nonechicannon in the said proportions from James Hamilton, who houldeth the same from the said Sir William, and due plough, pasture, and grass the same, till hallontide next. Bryen McCrener and Rory O'Quyn hould the balliboe of Aghnacree from the said James Hamilton, in manner as aforesaid. Patrick Groome O'Devin hould the balleboe of Leath, in the said proportions from Thomas Pettiereive, whoe houldeth the same from the said Sir William, and doe plough, pasture, and the same. The said Patrick houldeth the 1/2 balliboe of Loughes in manner as aforesaid. Owen Modder McConmoy houldeth the balleboe of Gorten from the said Sir William, and also the balliboe of Leanamoor in manner as aforesaid. All the aforesaid balliboes doe lie within the proportions of Killeny and Tedan in the county of Tyrone, and have been granted to the meer Irish whoe have ploughed, pastured, and grassed, upon the said lands contrary to the condiitions in the Ires patents, aforesaid for which cause the said balliboes are become forfeited. The balliboe called Beltany, in the proportion of Lyslap, barony of Strabane, and co. of Tyrone being demised by said Sir William Stewart unto William Brysbane Esq. and from the said William Brisbane, set unto Thomas Grahame, is now pleughed pastured and grazed upon by Manus O'Calenane .Arte Moynagh and others meer Irish, for which cause the rents and profitts of the said balliboe are now become forfeited.
(#32) Same place 4th May 1631
Sir William UNDALL
Knt., late of Clonnoghmoor, in the co. of Tyrone, knt. and Sir John STANHOPE
houldeth the small proportion of Clannagmoor and Garvelagh, in the barony of Omagh, and co. of Tyrone, containing 2000 acres graunted unto the said Sir William and Sir John by Ires pattents, from the lord the now King, in free and common soccage and hath since the date of said Ires, contrary to the conditions therein mentioned, demised, graunted, and set the severall balliboes and peells of land heerunder mentioned, being within the said proportions of Clonnaghmoor and Garvelagh unto the meer Irish viz; Bryan McRory and Ferg. O'Gallaghor houldeth Ardnarvy al' Edinreagh, being 1 balliboe from William Bastard, whoe houldeth the same from Sir John Daveese, and does pleugh, pasture, and graise upon the same. Bryen Roddy O'Neel houldeth Creduff being 1 balliboe, James McCoork houldeth Corigchachin being 1 balliboe. Patrick O'Tivanny and Donnagh McGerrett houlde Carnegervagh and Aghnemellagh being 2 balliboes. Arte Bane McHugh houlds three ptes of the sesshioghe of Lecktonycan. Bryen Roddy O'Neel houldeth the third pte of Lectomcan and the sesshioghe of Lysleharde- Philemy Duffe O'Neel houldeth the 1 of Lyshelin. Bryen Ballagh McBryen and Arte McArte houldeth the balliboe of Dumress from said William Bastard, whoe houldeth the same from the said Sir John Daveese. Philemy Duff O'Neel and Rory O'Coolton houldeth the halfe towne of Drumbarsy from the said William Bastarde, in manner aforesaid. The aforesaid balliboes are within the proportions aforesaid and are ploughed, pastured, and grazed, upon by the aforenamed persons being meer Irish, contrary to the conditions in the said Ires patents, for which cause the rents and pfitts of the said balliboes are become forfeited.
(#33) Same place 5th May 7th year
late of Derrybarde in the co. of Tyrone
houldeth the middle proportion of land called Derybarde, and Killany, in the barony of Clogher, and co. Tyrone contayning 1500 acres graunted to him by Ires patents. The said Richard Cooper contrary to the intent and effect of the said Ires, hath sett severall balliboes within the said proportion unto the meer Irish viz; Torlogh Groome McCawell held the balliboe called Roveagh and Graghrafynn. Donnell Dow McArte held the balliboe called Gracholynn. Bryen McCawell did hould the towne and balliboe of land called Lysnely, and Bryen O'Neel and Gilgroome O'Connogher held the balliboes called Lysraneese, Derrywarde, and Garvullagh. All the said severall balliboes and peells of lands become forfeitt. Conogher Mc'Ghir being a meer Irishman doth plough, pasture, and graise, upon the balliboe of land called Ballyorran within the proportion of Bally [ ----] barony of Clogher and co. of Tirone, and therefore the rents and profits of said balliboe are become forfeited to the King.
(#35) Newtowne 29th May 8th Year
Edmond McHugh O'NEALE
a meere Irishman, held by demise from John LIEGH
the baliboe called Logetegill, ever since the date of certaine Ires pattents granted unto the said John, of the mannor and proportion of Fentonagh, in the barony of Cloagher, and co. of Tyrone as an undertaker in the province of Ulster. Phillipp McCosker a meere Irishman held by demise from said John Leigh the baliboe of Dungoran ever since the date of the said Ires pattents. Owen O'Corran, carpenter, and Donogh O'Corrane and others meere Irish held by demise from the said John Liegh the baliboe of land called MulIane ever since the date of the said lres pattents. Phillip McCosker, a meere Irishman, held by demise from the said John, the baliboe of land called Tatemoyle, ever since the date of the forsaid Ires pattents. Tirlagh McBryan and Carogh O'Neale, a meere Irishman held from one Robbert Bennett, and his wyfe, assignees of the said John Liegh, the baliboe of land called Aghafada, ever since the date of the said Ires pattents. Owen Moder McCarell, a meere Irishman, held by demise from the said John Liegh ever since the date of said Ires pattents, the towne or baliboe of land called Tonaghbane. Phillip McCosker, a meere Irishman, held by demise from said John, the towne or baliboe of land called Cariglasse ever since the date of said Ires pattents. All and everie the aforesaid townes and baliboes are lyeinge and beinge within the said ppore on of Fentona, baronie and countie aforesaid, and were let and demised by said John Liegh and his assignees, unto the said meere Irish in manner aforesaid, over and above the fourth pte allotted for the meere Irish in the said Mr John Liegh his Ires. pattents contrary to the condition in said Ires pattents. Hugh O'Flanagan, Tirlagh O'Donnelly and others, meere Irish, held by demise from Edmond Mawne and others assignees, unto capt. James Mervyn esq. undertaker of the great pporéon of Brade and severall other pporcons (proportions) in the baronie of Omagh and co. aforesaid, ever sicee the date of said Ires pattents the balliboe of land called Sanmullagh. Tirlagh McClosky a meere Irishman held by demise from Robbert Anthony assignee unto the said capt. Mervyn the balliboe of land called Killmonane ever since the date of said Ires pattents. Bryan O'Neale and others meere Irish, held by demise from William Poe assignee unto the said James Mervyn the ballibo of land called Mullaviny ever since the date of the foresaid lres pattents. Laughlen O'Ruile a meere Irishman held the baliboe of land called Kiltawny from Gervise Walker ever since the date of said ires pattents. Artt Boy Maglosky, a meere Irishman, held by demise from Charles Bastard assignee unto capt. James Mervyn the balliboe called Dromgrane ever since the date of the said lres pattents. All said lands were let unto the meere Irish over and above the fourth pte allotted unto them Patrick O'Sovraghan and others meere Irish held by demise from one Lawrence Neterffield esq. assignee unto the right hon. the Lo. Hastings the ballibo called Coolekeragh in the portion of Clonaghmore barronie of Omagh and co aforesaid. Ryan Oge O'Neale a meere Irishman held by demise from Nicholas Combe assignee unto said Lo Hastings the baliboe of land called Cloghoage ever since the date of the Ires pattents. All said lands were let by the said undertakers and assignees unto the meere Irish, over and above the fourth part allotted for them, contrary to the condicions by virtue, whereof the said lands and the rents, issues, and profits, are become forfeited unto the lord the King and his successors, in right of his crowne of Ireland.
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